What Is Plantar Fasciitis?
Plantar Fasciitis is an inflammation of the tissue (the plantar fascia ligament) that connects the heel bone to the toes, runs across the bottom of the foot and supports the arch of your foot. Sometimes, people also get bone spurs.
What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?
Generally, straining the plantar fascia ligament causes Plantar Fasciitis. Repeatedly straining it can actually tear the ligament. This makes it become weaker and often leads to it becoming irritated, swollen and inflamed. People find the bottom of their feet or their heel hurts when they stand or walk. It is very common in middle age, although it does happen earlier to people who are on their feet a lot. It can happen in one foot or both.
You are also more likely to get Plantar Fasciitis if you roll your feet too far inward when you walk, have flat feet or high arches, are overweight, have tight calf muscles or Achilles tendons or if you wear shoes that are ill-fitting or worn.
Most people with Plantar Fasciitis feel pain (sometimes stabbing pain) and stiffness when they first get out of bed or when they move after sitting for a long period. This pain can also be worse at the end of the day, especially if you have been on your feet for long periods.
However, pain during the night can indicate that it is caused by arthritis or nerve issues. Sometimes, people with a stress fracture can also experience similar symptoms. This can be detected via an X-ray.