What is depression?
There are many levels to depression. It can simply be a passing mood where you feel a bit down and don't feel like being active. Or it can develop into dysthymia or a major depressive disorder.
What is dysthymia?
Dysthymia" comes from the Greek word meaning "bad state of mind". It is also called mild or neurotic or chronic depression or dysthymic disorder.
It is less severe than a major depressive disorder, but it has symptoms which can last a long time.
Those suffering from dysthymia can suffer bouts of major depression from time to time.
Symptoms of dysthymia include:
- Feeling sad or down most of the time
- No longer experiencing pleasure in things that used to bring enjoyment
- Increase or decrease in weight or appetite
- Sleeping too much or not enough
- Fatigue or energy loss
- Often feeling guilty or worthless or inadequate
- Not being able to concentrate or make decisions
- Morbid or suicidal thoughts, suicide plans and/or suicide attempts.
What is a major depressive disorder?
This is also called clinical, major or unipolar depression or unipolar disorder. It can also be called recurrent depression if there are repeated episodes.
The symptoms are similar to those for dysthymia, but it is generally characterized by a greater intensity of the symptoms. A person suffering from a major depressive episode normally cannot continue to work or live a normal life.
Disclaimer: The statements made on this page have not been evaluated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). They are not intended to diagnose, cure or prevent any disease. If a condition persists, please contact your physician or healthcare provider. The information provided is not a substitute for a face-to-face consultation with a healthcare provider, and should not be construed as medical advice.